In this series of video lessons, we will delve into the history and the art of other small and great cities in northern, central, and southern Italy.
Art Cities in Northern Italy
Ravenna – Emilia-Romagna:
Where Dante spent his last years of life. It is renowned for its marvelous Byzantine mosaics and monuments from the imperial and Gothic-Byzantine periods.
Padua – Veneto:
It is famous for the Scrovegni Chapel, which houses frescoes by Giotto, considered one of the masterpieces of Western art!
Mantua – Lombardy:
Where Romeo seeks refuge after escaping from Verona, it is a city rich in majestic castles and palaces, such as the Ducal Palace, which houses the famous Chamber of the Newlyweds.
Parma – Emilia-Romagna:
Well-known in Italy for its cuisine and typical products. Additionally, it is home to one of the oldest Italian theaters in the world, the Teatro Farnese.
Bergamo – Lombardy:
A city divided into two parts: the Città Alta, the ancient part of the city, retaining the medieval walls; and the Città Bassa, the modern part, located in the plain below.
Ferrara – Emilia-Romagna:
Home to the impressive Estense Castle: a fortress characterized by a large moat and four corner towers.
Art Cities in Central Italy
Lucca – Tuscany:
Known as the city of a hundred churches, it is famous for its medieval walls that surround the entire historic center. One of Lucca’s symbols is the Guinigi Tower, built in the Middle Ages.
Urbino – Marche:
The birthplace of Raphael Sanzio, it boasts a prestigious artistic and cultural heritage, representing the transition between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
Orvieto – Umbria:
Built on a large volcanic rock, it features an extensive system of caves and underground tunnels. Orvieto’s Cathedral is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture.
Viterbo – Lazio:
Located in the heart of the historic Tuscia region, it is known for its natural hot springs, the Terme dei Papi. The city’s historic center is a labyrinth of narrow and winding streets.
L’Aquila – Abruzzo:
The city showcases medieval and Renaissance architecture, and its main landmarks include the Spanish Castle and the Basilica of Santa Maria di Collemaggio.
Assisi – Umbria:
An important pilgrimage center, it offers a breathtaking view of the region’s hills. The Basilica of San Francesco is one of the main attractions of the city.
Art Cities in Southern Italy
Siracusa – Sicily:
One of the oldest cities, where its historic core, the Island of Ortigia, is a fascinating district composed of narrow streets, picturesque squares, and important monuments, such as the Cathedral.
Lecce – Puglia:
Known as the “Florence of the South,” it is famous for its elegant Baroque buildings made of Lecce stone, a limestone that takes on a golden hue at sunset.
Matera – Basilicata:
The city is famous for its “Sassi di Matera,” ancient houses carved into the rock that represent one of the oldest continuously inhabited human settlements in the world.
Catania – Sicily:
Located on the eastern coast of Sicily, Catania is dominated by the presence of Mount Etna, the tallest active volcano in Europe. The Cathedral of Catania is an impressive example of Baroque architecture.
Caserta – Campania:
Here lies the famous Royal Palace of Caserta: one of the largest royal palaces in the world, featuring a park with stunning Italian gardens.
Val di Noto – Sicily:
It includes Noto, Ragusa, Modica, and others. These cities are beautiful examples of Baroque architecture, with churches, palaces, and squares of extraordinary elegance.